Newport Beach & Newport Coast
The dramatic coastline of Newport Beach and its proximity to the water have always played a great part in the development of the City. The City's first inhabitants thousands of years ago were the Shoshone Indians who lived along the Pacific coast, supported by the abundance of the seas and fertile land.
In the mid 1700's, the Spanish aristocrat and military leader Gasper de Portola led an exposition to claim California frontier land for Spain. Portola enlisted the aid of Father Junipero Serra and numerous European soldiers to explore previously unmapped territory.
Decades later in the 1800's, land holdings of the Capistrano Mission were parceled out as Spanish and Mexican land grants to war heroes and aristocratic families. Later, many Spanish and Mexican landowners were forced to sell large tracts of their land. The most prominent landowners of the area, Don Sepulveda and Don Bernardo Yorba, men whose combined holdings comprised Newport Beach's upper bay and lower bay, sold their tracts to American entrepreneurs by the names of Flint, Bixby, Irvine and McFadden.
Santa Ana, Tustin and Orange became new farming communities for the settlers who arrived by steamer and covered wagon. Not long after, hide and tallow businesses emerged. The first stirring of commerce began when in 1870, a small stern wheeler from San Diego named "The Vaquero" made its first trip to a marshy lagoon to exchange lumber for hides, tallow, livestock and gain. James McFadden and other ranch owners in the Lower Bay decided from then on that the area should be called "Newport."
In 1888 James McFadden changed the isolated settlement by building a wharf that extended from the shallow bay of the peninsula to deeper water where large steamers could dock. Shipping activity increased dramatically, and in two years, Newport was known as a vibrant Southern California shipping town.
Attracted by the activity, Pacific Electric Railroad established itself in Newport in 1905, connecting the City of Los Angeles by rail. Rapid transit brought camping families to the waterfront, and small hotels and beach cottages sprang up to cater to the emerging tourist industry. At about the same time, the McFadden brothers sold their holdings of Peninsula land. West Newport, East Newport, Bay Island and Balboa became vacation communities in the beach boom decade. In 1906 with a population of 206 citizens, the scattered settlements were incorporated as the City of Newport Beach. These early settlements soon filled in on the Peninsula, West Newport, Balboa Island and Lido Isle, developing from West to East.
Nearly a century ago, on August 21, 1906, the communities of Newport, East Newport, and Balboa all voted to incorporate as the City of Newport Beach. From the beginning, it was recognized that Newport Bay had great potential as a harbor. Once a shipping port, the Bay's reclamation was completed in 1936 to make moorage possible.
Parts of Newport Heights and Corona del Mar were annexed soon after the turn of the century. Between 1934 and 1936, the federal government and the county undertook work around the harbor. They dredged the Lower Bay, extended jetties, and created the present day contour of Newport Beach.
In 1936, community members dedicated the City's main harbor, named Newport Harbor. Just six years later, during World War II, the harbor became a vital hub as naval ships were built and repaired in its coastal waters. Newport Beach businesses flourished due in part to an influx of new military personnel. At the end of the war, many service men and women decided to stay, triggering a real estate boom in Newport Beach. Seasonal rentals became year-round housing, and the City's identity as a summer resort location began to change.
For a period of about eight years, from 1919 to 1927, there existed two Chambers of Commerce, Balboa and Newport Beach, which in 1927 merged into a new body known as the Newport Harbor Chamber of Commerce. The city was then divided into six districts: (1) Newport Heights and West Newport; (2) Newport Beach; (3) East Newport; (4) Balboa; (5) Balboa Island; and (6) Corona del Mar.
The Santa Ana freeway, built in the 1950's, brought even more citizens to the City. During this time, housing development began to spread northward from the waterfront to the hills and mesa areas. Industries changed, as the fishing industry, once the backbone of Newport Beach's economy, gradually declined to be replaced with vibrant new businesses and commercial centers. By the 1970's, rapid urbanization led to the building of shopping centers, hotels, high-scale restaurants, and many new homes.
Newport Beach & Newport Coast Today
Located along the Orange County coast, Newport is a medium-sized city of 70,000 year-round and 100,000 during the summer and only 14 miles from Disneyland, 20 miles south of Long Beach, 50 miles south of Los Angeles, and 64 miles west of Palm Springs. In Newport you will find a mix of golden beaches; secure, community lifestyles; and the sun-sparkling water of the Pacific Ocean and Newport Bay. Boating is extremely popular and Newport Harbor is famous for being one of the world's largest small boat harbors. A familiar sight is the evening lights on the water from the Balboa Pavilion on Balboa Peninsula.
A very temperate climate where temperatures average below 80 in the summer and in the 60's in the winter. The many beaches range from the sheltered, family-oriented beach of Balboa Bay, to the infamous "Wedge" for surfers at Newport Municipal Beach.
Within the tight-knit community you can usually get from place to place within 15 minutes. You will find excellent shopping around Newport Coast and at Newport Center Fashion Island. There are also a large number of fine restaurants, including the world famous Cannery restaurant on Balboa Island. Newport Beach and Newport Coast are very active cities, with many community activities and festivals scheduled throughout the year.
Today, Newport Beach and Newport Coast enjoy a luxurious lifestyle and one of the most vibrant economies in the world. Orange County, if it was a country unto itself, would rank 33rd worldwide for economic prosperity.
For indepth information regarding Newport area beaches visit: